Direct and cytokine‐mediated effects of albumin‐fused growth hormone, TV‐1106, on CYP enzyme expression in human hepatocytes in vitro
Maciej Czerwiński, Immaculate Amunom, Victor Piryatinsky, Hussein Hallak, Yousif Sahly, Oren Bar‐Ilan, Paul Bolliger, Merav Bassan
Some biologics can modulate cytokines that may lead to changes in expression of drug‐metabolizing enzymes and cause drug‐drug interactions (DDI). DDI potential of TV‐1106—an albumin‐fused growth hormone (GH)—was investigated. In this study,Human blood was exposed to recombinantHuman growth hormone (rhGH) or TV‐1106, followed by isolation of the plasma and its application to human hepatocytes. While the treatment of blood with rhGH increased multiple cytokines, treatment of blood with TV‐1106 had no effect on any of the nine cytokines tested. The interleukin (IL)‐6 concentration was higher in the rhGH then in the TV‐1106‐treated plasma (P< .05). While rhGH had little or no effect on CYP1A2 or CYP2C19 mRNA but increased CYP3A4 mRNA twofold, TV‐1106 had little or no effect on cytochrome P450 (CYP) mRNAs in hepatocytes. Although the plasma from rhGH‐treated blood lowered CYP1A2 activity, the TV‐1106 plasma had no effect on CYP activities. The CYP1A2 activity was lower in the rhGH‐ then in the TV‐1106‐plasma treated hepatocytes (P < .05). The results indicated that fusing GH with albumin made TV‐1106 an unlikely participant of CYP1A2, CYP2C19 or CYP3A4‐facilitated, direct or cytokine‐driven DDI.